Provence


Provence

With an average rainfall between 500 and 600 mm per year, and temperatures reaching over 35°C in the summer, Provence’s climate is definitely turned towards the Mediterranean sea. Inherited from the roman empire, the traditional trio – durum wheat, vines and olive trees –  still remains an important part of the local agriculture.

Crop
Crop

Durum wheat is the most cultivated cereal in the area. Rice is the other emblematic cereal. Only cultivated in Camargue, in the Rhône delta, its production depends on a fragile and complex ecosystem and on specific water management techniques.

10 000 ha of olive trees spread through the beautiful hills and plains of Provence. National leader for the production of olives, the area also benefits from a protected designation for its delicious olive oil.

With such a sunny weather, fruit orchards and vegetables represent a large part of the local production : tomatoes, courgettes or the famous melons of Cavaillon.

Peonies, hydrangeas, roses… the area is a leader for horticultural production.

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Livestock
Livestock

Extensive breeding is also important in preserving the alpine landscapes. Sisteron lambs are reared on Merinos ewes in the Alps.

Wine
Wine

In Provence, wine cooperatives are the main destination of the grapes : 68% of vineyards deliver the fruits to be transformed into the local cooperative, and to be sold as Côtes de Provence or Côtes du Rhône designation.

Sightseing
Sightseing

Sunshine, the songs of cicadas and a game of pétanque : this is how most people like to think of Provence ! Some might add to the picture a drink of Ricard, an aniseed-flavoured liquor. But don’t forget to go shopping, for local markets are full of amazing products : colourful fabrics, perfumes, crafts, olives and lavender are only a taste of what you can find !

Artists are probably Provence best advocates : Cézanne was fascinated by the light on the Mont Sainte-Victoire, just a few kilometres away from Aix en Provence ; Van Gogh painted Arles and its surroundings, whereas Signac painted the port of St Tropez and the cliffs of Cassis. Theses cliffs, the highest limestone cliffs in Europe, are one of the many wonders of the Calanques National Park. Take a boat to visit the creeks between Cassis and Marseille, and discover the rich marine fauna and flora of the park !

Before artists and tourists, even the Pope elected Provence as a residence : the Palace of the Popes displays its impressive architecture over Avignon.

Do not leave Provence without visiting Camargue. In the Rhône delta, between man-made canals and ponds full of flamingos, farmers maintain the traditional activity of breeding bulls for races and shows. Spend the day horse-ridding and have dinner to the sound of gipsy music !

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Gastro
Gastro

Ratatouille is worldwide famous, but did you know it comes from Provence ? If you stay in Marseille, you’ll  hear about bouillabaisse. You’ll probably need to practice your pronunciation before placing your order, but your efforts will be rewarded. Bouillabaisse is a fish stew flavoured with white wine, olive oil and saffron. Fougasse, the local bread, is flat, and can be savoury or sweet. The most popular ones are filled with olives, anchovies or lardons. If you get a plain one, why not spread some tapenade on it ? Mainly composed of crushed olives, anchovies and capers, it forms a dark pasta.

Crop
Crop
Sugar cane, banana, pineapple
Sightseing
Sightseing
cruising, distillery
Gastro
Gastro
Accras de morue, ti-punch
Crop
Crop
Sugar cane, vegetable, vanilla
Sightseing
Sightseing
vulcanoe Piton de La Fournaise, cruising
Gastro
Gastro
rougail, punch
Crop
Crop
fruit, olive, citrus, kiwi, chestnut
Livestock
Livestock
small beef cattle, dairy sheep, goat, extensive pig
Cheese
Cheese
Brocciu
Sightseing
Sightseing
Bonifacio, Calvi
Gastro
Gastro
Corsican pork
Crop
Crop
Durum wheat, rice, olive, vegetables, flowers
Livestock
Livestock
sheep
Wine
Wine
rosé de Provence
Sightseing
Sightseing
Camargue, Calanques, Aix en Provence, Avignon
Gastro
Gastro
Bouillabaisse, ratatouille, tapenade
Crop
Crop
Fruit, lavender
Livestock
Livestock
Mountain cattle dairy
Cheese
Cheese
Rebelochon, Tommes, Beaufort
Sightseing
Sightseing
Annecy, Lyon, Mont Blanc
Gastro
Gastro
Tartiflette, fondue savoyarde, bouchons lyonnais cuisine
Crop
Crop
wheat
Livestock
Livestock
Limousine, Aubrac, Salers cattle breed, sheep,
Cheese
Cheese
Roquefort, Saint Nectaire, Cantal
Sightseing
Sightseing
Auvergne vulcanoes
Gastro
Gastro
Aligot
Crop
Crop
Sunflower, corn, vegetable, fruit
Livestock
Livestock
Sheep, milk feed veal, duck
Wine
Wine
Bordeaux, Languedoc, Cognac
Cheese
Cheese
Pyrenees Tomme, Rocamadour
Sightseing
Sightseing
Bordeaux, Toulouse, Arcachon bay, Carcassonne
Gastro
Gastro
cassoulet, duck liver, truffles
Crop
Crop
Cereals, plants, seeds, vegetable, apple
Wine
Wine
Loire Valley wines
Cheese
Cheese
Sainte Maure de Tourraine
Sightseing
Sightseing
Chenonceau castle, Chartres cathedral
Gastro
Gastro
Fouée, rillettes
Crop
Crop
Cereals, red smal berries
Livestock
Livestock
Charolaise cattle, Montbéliarde dairy
Wine
Wine
Burgundy wine
Cheese
Cheese
Comté
Sightseing
Sightseing
Beaune Hospices, Burgundy wine route
Gastro
Gastro
œufs meurettes, bœuf bourgignon, coq au vin
Crop
Crop
Corn, hops
Livestock
Livestock
Dairy cattle
Wine
Wine
Alsacian Riesling, Gerwurztraminer
Sightseing
Sightseing
Strasbourg, Alsacian wine route, WW1 Battlefields
Gastro
Gastro
Choucroute, Quiche
Crop
Crop
Wheat, barley, rapeseed, hemp, potato, vegetable field crop
Livestock
Livestock
Fish
Wine
Wine
Champagne
Cheese
Cheese
Maroilles, Brie de Meaux
Sightseing
Sightseing
Reims, Lille, Chantilly
Gastro
Gastro
Andouillette, truffles, game meat
Crop
Crop
Cereal, textile linen
Livestock
Livestock
Cattle dairy Normande, race horse
Wine
Wine
Apple cider, Calvados brandy
Cheese
Cheese
Camembert, Pont l’Eveque
Sightseing
Sightseing
WWII landing beach, Honfleur, Etretat, Monet gardens
Gastro
Gastro
Oysters, mussels
Crop
Crop
Vegetables
Livestock
Livestock
Dairy cattle, pigs, poultry,
Sightseing
Sightseing
Mont Saint Michel, Saint Malo, Guérande’s salt marshes
Gastro
Gastro
Crêpes, cider